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You are here: London Borough of Bromley > Interactive Unitary Development Plan > Written Statement - 14. ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES




  1. To minimise waste generation, encourage greater reuse of materials and recycling of waste, and ensure that waste management facilities are environmentally acceptable.
  2. To encourage energy efficiency and promote environmentally acceptable energy generation and use.
  3. To reduce levels of environmental pollution, improve air and water quality, and locate potentially polluting activities where environmental impact can be minimised.
  4. To use the planning system, where appropriate, to facilitate improvement and reuse of poor quality, degraded or contaminated land.
  5. To encourage efficient use of water resources, reduce the risks of, and from, flooding, and seek improvements in the quality of the water environment.


14.1 The use of environmental resources inextricably links the Borough to its surrounding region, including other London Boroughs and adjoining counties, from which many resources such as aggregates, water and energy are imported and to which waste is exported. The way in which these resources are managed has implications for environmental quality both in the Borough and for the wider region.

14.2 The objectives and policies in this chapter of the plan are aimed at encouraging measures that contribute to a more sustainable future. The Government’s Sustainable Development Strategy “Securing the Future” (March 2005) includes the guiding principles of living within environmental limits in order to improve our environment and ensure that the natural resources needed for life are unimpaired and remain so for future generations. This is supported in PPS1 which states that the aims of sustainable development should be pursued “…in ways that protect and enhance the physical environment and optimise resource and energy use”. Additional Government guidance is set out in PPS10, The UK Waste Strategy, PPS22, PPS23 and the London Plan.”


14.3 This chapter sets out a policy framework for conserving natural resources and addressing land uses that are likely to have particular environmental impacts, in line with Bromley’s draft Waste Strategy, The London Plan, and the Mayor’s Waste and Energy strategies. It sets the context for sustainable management of waste produced in the Borough, while encouraging the reduction of the quantity of waste and encouraging greater levels of recycling. It encourages energy conservation along with the greater use of sustainable energy production at a local level. It seeks the reduction of noise, light and other sources of pollution and promotes the protection and enhancement of environmental assets, such as water-related features. It also supports the clean up and re-use of contaminated land. (Minerals planning is addressed in Policies G14 and G15 of the Green Belt Chapter).



In considering planning proposals relating to waste management facilities, the Council will take account of the principles of:

• the Best Practicable Environmental Option (BPEO)
• Regional self-sufficiency
• the Proximity Principle
• the Waste Hierarchy:

- waste avoidance
- reuse
- recycling
- composting
- energy recovery
- landfill

14.4 PPS10 states that “positive planning has an important role in delivering sustainable waste management through the development of appropriate strategies for growth, regeneration and the prudent use of natural resources, and by providing sufficient opportunities for new waste management facilities of the right type, in the right place at the right time. Decisions about facilities and other waste management options will be based on the principles identified in this policy:

• The Best Practical Environmental Option (BPEO): this is the option that provides the most benefits or the least damage to the environment, as a whole, at acceptable cost, in the long term as well as in the short term.
• Regional Self-sufficiency: that most waste should be treated or disposed of within the region in which it is produced, in particular taking into account the advice of the Greater London Authority in its role as the regional waste planning body.
• The Proximity Principle: that waste should be managed as close to its place of production as is possible.
• The Waste Hierarchy: the Council has adopted the waste hierarchy (set out in Policy ER1), which it will use in considering proposals relating to waste management and assessing BPEO.



Proposals for new waste management facilities will be assessed against the following criteria:

(i) the proximity of facilities to the source of the waste;
(ii) where appropriate, opportunities for rail-based waste transfer are maximised;
(iii) proposals do not result in significant traffic-related environmental effects in residential areas or along lorry routes to and from the facility;
(iv) adverse effects on the amenities of residential areas by reason of noise, smell, dust, odours, litter, vermin and birds can be minimised;
(v) visual intrusion is minimised;
(vi) any adverse impact on the historic and natural environment can be mitigated;
(vii) surface water and groundwater resources are protected from potential pollution.

In appropriate cases, the Council will impose planning conditions and/or enter into s106 agreements controlling hours of operation, specifying access routes, and seeking site reinstatement.

14.5 There are many types of waste management facility, varying greatly in size, characteristics and potential environmental impacts. The policy sets out the planning factors that the Council will take into account in determining planning applications for such facilities. Applications must be able to show that the facility proposed is the Best Practicable Environmental Option, bearing in mind that the BPEO may change over time with advances in waste treatment technology.

14.6 Some proposals for waste management facilities may be subject to a formal Environmental Impact Assessment under the Town and Country Planning (Environmental Impact Assessment) (England & Wales) Regulations 1999.

14.7 Waste management facilities are the subject of complementary environmental legislation, particularly for the purpose of pollution prevention. The operation of such facilities is normally controlled by the Environment Agency through the waste licensing regime. Planning permission is usually required before a Waste Management Licence can be granted. The Council will consult the Environment Agency on planning applications for waste management facilities in order to ensure the compatibility of any planning permission and waste licence that may be granted.

14.8 Government has set statutory targets for recycling and composting household waste. The Council’s combined targets for recycling and composting are 25% by 2005/6, 27% by 2006/7, 29% by 2007/8 and 31% by 2008/9. Two civic amenity sites exist within the borough, one at Waldo Road, Bromley and the other at Churchfields Road, Beckenham. There are also a number of recycling sites. In order for the provision of waste facilities to achieve the current waste targets it is necessary that a number of potential options to be identified. These include the following:

• a replacement for the Churchfields waste transfer/civic amenity site,
• a new civic amenity site serving the eastern part of the Borough,
• centralised facilities for composting green waste,
• facilities for recycling of construction waste,
• facilities for materials segregation (MRF),
• waste to energy facility for residual waste, providing combined heat and power (CHP).

See also: Policies G1, G14, G15




To enable the Council to meet its recycling targets, new and expanded developments will be expected to provide space and, where appropriate, facilities for waste separation and collection.

14.9 The Council seeks the provision of small-scale facilities (e.g. bottle and paper banks) that will encourage an increase in recycling of waste. Recyclable materials will increasingly form part of a regular collection service. This policy and supplementary planning guidance also promotes appropriate design and layout for ease of separation and collection, and the use of recycled construction materials.

See also Policy BE1 and Supplementary Planning Document: Sustainable Design and Construction, Bromley’s draft Waste Strategy, The London Plan, and the Mayor’s Waste and Energy strategies




All new development (new build or conversion) will be expected to either include or be capable of accommodating the following resource efficiency measures:

(i) siting, design, layout and building orientation to maximise sun lighting and day lighting;
(ii) landscape or planting design to optimise screening or shading where necessary;
(iii) sustainable urban drainage systems, including rainwater and wastewater collection and recycling ;and
(iv) the installation and use of other devices that minimise energy and water consumption.

In the case of non-residential developments of 1000 sqm or more and residential development comprising 10 dwellings or more applicants will be required to include the use of on-site renewable power generation equipment to provide at least 10% of the projected energy requirement. Where it is proposed not to include renewable energy generation, the applicant will be expected to demonstrate that the installation of such equipment is not feasible or appropriate because of the type of development, its location or design.

14.10 The Council seeks to ensure that built development is designed and constructed with resource efficiency in mind. Measures taken locally can contribute to the Government’s four goals of reducing carbon emissions; enhancing security of energy supplies; improving competitiveness of UK businesses and reducing fuel poverty (Energy White Paper, 2003). Local residents and businesses can make financial savings by being more energy efficient.

14.11 From the design to the internal fittings, developers can take significant steps towards creating more sustainable buildings. Many of the measures to improve energy and water efficiency can be implemented at low cost, and can be retrofitted during conversion, renovation and refurbishment. Examples of resource efficiency measures which could be applied locally include:

• Location and design of buildings to ensure maximum day lighting;
• Use of recycled construction materials;
• Installation of thermal insulation and glazing to above minimum building regulation standards;
• Specification of low-energy lighting and PIR sensors;
• Installation of high efficiency boilers or Combined Heat and Power in preference to electric heating, and use of thermostats to produce different heating zones;
• Specification of low energy (‘A’ rated) appliances such as fridges, freezers, dishwashers and washing machines
• Use of water conservation devices.

14.12 Irrespective of planning policies, all developments and extensions to existing buildings have to achieve the minimum standards laid down in Part L of the Building Regulations 2006 on standards of thermal insulation, and Part F on ventilation.

14.13 The Energy White Paper sets out the Government Target that by 2010 the UK should be generating 10% of its electricity from renewable sources. PPS 22 outlines the environmental, economic and social benefits of developing renewable energy locally.

14.14 In Bromley, the best opportunity for developing renewable energy generation is currently by incorporating the technology into new development. Types of renewable energy generation technology that may be applicable on a wide range of buildings include:

• Solar thermal panels – heating water by sunlight
• Photovoltaic (pv) panels – producing electricity from sunlight
• Small-scale wind turbines – mounted on buildings
• Combined heat and power schemes – where the fuel used is from a renewable source

Most of these technologies can be retrofitted, but it is more cost-effective to design them in from the start.

14.15 Applicants are encouraged to show clearly how they propose to incorporate resource efficiency measures and renewable energy generation technology into developments, where applicable. Where it is proposed not to adopt such measures, the applicant will be expected to demonstrate why it is not viable or appropriate.

14.16 The Council will welcome schemes that can act as demonstration schemes for low energy buildings – those which minimise their energy use and maximise opportunities for harnessing renewable energy, in order to demonstrate feasibility and raise awareness.

14.17 Within Conservation Areas and on or in buildings on both the statutory and local lists, special attention should be paid to character and appearance when designing, specifying and siting energy efficiency measures and renewable energy technology.

14.18 Renewable energy projects likely to affect nationally recognised designations should aim to uphold the objectives of the designations and permission will be granted if it can be shown that adverse effects are clearly outweighed by environmental, social and economic benefits. In the case of harm to internationally designated sites, permission will only be granted under the circumstances listed in Policy NE1. In the Green Belt wider environmental benefits associated with increased production of energy from renewable sources could comprise the very special circumstances needed to justify harm by reason of inappropriateness or any other harm.

14.19 An Environmental Impact Assessment may be required (under the 1999 regulations) for some proposals for stand-alone renewable energy generating facilities, depending upon their size and nature. The preference, however, is for the widespread adoption of energy efficiency measures and then small-scale on-site technology.



In considering proposals for development with a potentially significant direct or indirect impact on air quality, the Council will require submission of an assessment of that impact. The Council will resist development that is likely to cause air quality objectives to be breached, particularly within designated Air Quality Management Areas (AQMAs).

14.20 Significant direct or indirect impacts on air quality are those which are likely to measurably worsen the air quality in the immediate or wider vicinity of a development through increased emission of pollutants. Such pollution may originate from activities on the site, or indirectly from generation of additional traffic. A development proposal may be seen as unacceptable where an assessment of the impact demonstrates that it would be likely to cause air quality objectives to be breached, and where it is not possible to mitigate that impact through the imposition of conditions on any planning permission.

14.21 The Government published its National Air Quality Strategy in 1997 as required in the Environment Act 1995 and the Mayor of London published his Air Quality Strategy in September 2002. The Act requires local authorities periodically to review air quality and assess this against the air quality objectives set in the Air Quality (England) Regulations 2000. If it is established that these targets were not met by the end of 2005, the local authority must designate an Air Quality Management Area and prepare an action plan defining how the AQMA’s air quality will be improved. The Council published its Stage 3 Air Quality Review and Assessment in January 2001 which concluded that the air quality targets would be met. A further Detailed Assessment submitted in early 2006, however, reached a different conclusion and consequently an AQMA will be declared which will include at least half of the Borough. After a period of public consultation an Action Plan for the AQMA will be drawn up and published by early 2007.

14.22 The policy links particularly with transport strategy and the transport policies of this plan. Development proposals that may require an Environment Impact Assessment under the terms of the Town and Country Planning (Environmental Impact Assessment) (England & Wales) Regulations 1999, may also need to take into account the impact on air quality. Industrial processes that affect air quality may also be separately controlled under the Environmental Protection Act 1990.

See also: Chapter 5, Transport



The Council will resist proposals for polluting or potentially-polluting uses that could give rise to unacceptable levels of pollution, and will assess them against the following criteria:

(i) the impact on neighbouring uses, including loss of amenity;
(ii) the design and appearance of the development;
(iii) the hours of operation of the proposed development and its transport requirements, including the scope for transport by rail;
(iv) the proposed after-use of the site; and
(v) any potential environmental benefits arising from the development.

14.23 PPS23 states that “any consideration of the quality of land, air or water and potential impacts arising from development, possibly leading to impacts on health, is capable of being a material planning consideration, in so far as it arises from or may affect any land use.” It clarifies that the controls under the planning and pollution control regimes should complement rather than duplicate each other. The Environment Agency or other responsible body will be consulted with regard to proposals for which they are the relevant pollution control authority.

14.24 The affect of a proposal on amenity will be considered in terms of: noise, vibration, smell, fumes, smoke, soot, ash, dust and other such pollutants; and the potential impact on human health, wildlife and environmentally sensitive areas such as open space, nature conservation designations and the surface and groundwater environment. Other matters that will be considered in determining these proposals will be the availability of suitable land and any potential environmental benefits that might accrue from the development (e.g. the remediation of contaminated land).

14.25 In cases where the potential effects of the proposal are uncertain, there may be scope for temporary permissions to help establish the acceptability of the development and associated activities.



Where development of contaminated land, or land suspected of being contaminated, is proposed, the Council will require the submission of details of site investigations and proposed remedial action. Planning permission will be refused unless an appropriate and acceptable level of remedial action can be achieved.

14.26 While the contamination of land by its previous uses is only a localised problem in Bromley, it remains a significant issue in the light of government guidance promoting the redevelopment of previously developed urban (brownfield) land. Residential uses will not be ruled out on potentially contaminated land, but these sites will need to be subject to an appropriate site investigation and any contamination cleaned up to a standard that makes the site appropriate for the proposed end use. The Contaminated Land Regulations 2000 and Circular 2/2000 have established a Contaminated Land Register, the register for the borough is held and maintained by the Council.

14.27 Where it is reasonable to suspect that a site has had a past potentially-contaminating use, a site investigation should be carried out prior to the submission of any planning application. The remediation measures proposed in the site investigation are likely to be included in any planning conditions or s106 agreement that may result from the granting of any permission. Any site investigation should be undertaken by a competent environmental organisation, which will be required to submit a signed closure report to confirm that any identified remedial measures have been carried out.



The Council will resist development likely to lead to unacceptable levels of noise pollution. Where noise-sensitive development is proposed close to an existing source of noise, or where a noise-generating development is proposed, the Council will usually require submission of a detailed noise impact survey, including proposed attenuation measures. Planning conditions or obligations will usually be necessary to achieve attenuation measures and to limit hours of operation.

14.28 PPG24 indicates that noise can be a material planning consideration. Within Bromley, the main sources of noise include traffic, railways and aircraft and construction sites. The most noise sensitive areas are those which include housing, schools, hospitals and “tranquil” areas where the high amenity value of countryside and nature conservation sites could be effected. Where mixed-use development is proposed, the individual uses will need to be compatible in order to ensure that noise pollution is minimised. Noise within residential conversions is also likely to be an issue.

14.29 The layout and design of a development can contribute towards the reduction in noise pollution. Where necessary, noise attenuation can be achieved through the application of appropriate technology and engineering techniques in design and construction. The hours of operation may also influence the effect a development may have on neighbouring land uses and users.

See also: Policy H12




When considering proposals for restaurants and cafes (Class A3), drinking establishments (Class A4), and hot food takeaways (Class A5), the Council will require submission of details of a ventilation system where such a system would be necessary in order that the smell, noise and visual impact of the system on its surroundings can be properly considered.

14.30 Food and drink premises have the potential to create a nuisance through smell and noise. In order to reduce the level of noise and smell produced to potentially acceptable levels, the Council expects to see the installation of effective ventilation systems within such premises.

See also Policy S9




The Council will consider applications for security or flood-lighting against the following criteria:

(i) provision should be the minimum lighting required for the proposed purpose;
(ii) glare and hours of operation should have no undue adverse effect on residential amenity;
(iii) there should be no significant light spillage likely to be visible from a wider area;
(iv) there should be no undue adverse impact on road safety; and
(v) there should be no undue adverse impact on landscape or nature conservation.

14.31 Provision of lighting can be positive, enabling evening activity and increasing safety and security (e.g. car parks) or can enhance the urban environment (e.g. floodlighting listed buildings). Excessive lighting, however, can result in levels of light pollution detrimental to the amenity of the immediate and wider vicinity. Therefore, the level of lighting should be the minimum appropriate so that the effect on amenity is minimal – particularly in residential areas, conservation areas, nature conservation sites, open, rural or Green Belt locations. Such effects may be directly from glare of floodlights or may result from light spillage over a wider area.

14.32 Where planning permission is granted for security or floodlighting, the Council will normally impose conditions limiting hours of use and restricting the extent of illumination.

See also: Policies NE5, NE11& NE12




Development relating to hazardous substances, or uses requiring the consent of the Council as Hazardous Substances Authority, will not be approved in or near residential areas. Elsewhere approval will only be given where there is no unacceptable risk to:

(i) the occupiers of adjoining buildings;
(ii) public health and safety; or
(iii) nature conservation.

Proposals for new development adjoining existing sites using hazardous substances will be considered against the same criteria.

14.33 The Planning (Hazardous Substances) Act 1990, along with Circular 04/2000, provide for the control of the presence or use of hazardous substances. The controls are designed to regulate the presence of hazardous substances so that they cannot be kept or used above specified quantities until the responsible authorities have had the opportunity to assess the risk of an accident and its consequences for people in the surrounding area and for the environment.



In "low to medium" and "high risk" flood zones, an application for development should be accompanied by a flood risk assessment appropriate to the scale and nature of the development proposed.

New development on undeveloped or sparsely developed area within high risk flood zones will not be permitted unless the particular location is essential and it can be demonstrated that an alternative lower risk location is not available. Residential development on such land will be limited to job-related accommodation.

In the functional flood plains, built development will be limited to transport and utilities infrastructure that needs to be located in the area. Recreation, sport, and conservation uses will be permitted, provided that adequate warning and evacuation procedures can be provided.

In flood zones with “little or no risk”, “low to medium” and “high risk developed areas” new development or the intensification of existing development will not be permitted where it would:

(i) increase the risk of flooding within this area or downstream;
(ii) materially impede the flow of floodwater;
(iii) reduce the capacity of floodplains to store water; or
(iv) adversely affect flood defence structures or other features with the same role, or obstruct land needed for access and/or maintenance purposes to such structure.

Where permission is granted, flood attenuation or other appropriate measures will be required. The potential effects of such measures on nature conservation, landscape and amenity will be taken into account before planning permission is granted.

14.34 Since the serious flooding of August 1977, the Council has made efforts to minimise the effects of new development in catchment areas contributing to sections of rivers prone to flooding. The floodplains of rivers are important natural resource that act to store and carry away floodwaters. New development should not affect the function of the floodplain as this may place that development at an unacceptable risk from flooding and increase the risk from flooding faced by property elsewhere.

14.35 PPG25 sets out government guidance on development and flood risk, outlining the responsibilities of each party that would be involved. Where development is proposed for a flood risk area the guidance requires the carrying out of a sequential test. This must demonstrate that there are no reasonable options available in a lower risk area.

14.36 The areas ‘liable to flood’ are those that are likely to be affected by a 1 in 100 year return period flood event (where there is a one per cent risk of flooding in any given year), as defined by the Environment Agency. Where development is proposed within these areas, the Council will consult with the Environment Agency to determine the acceptability of the proposal in terms of flood risk, and to determine whether any attenuation, flood storage or other measures would be required in order to make the development acceptable in this respect. The Environment Agency has published detailed Water Resources Act Section 105 flood risk maps that show flood risk areas within the borough. These areas are shown on the Areas Liable to Flood map that forms part of the Proposals Map. They are used to define when the Agency should be consulted on flood risk related planning matters.



The Council will not grant planning permission for new development or redevelopment where:

(i) there is inadequate capacity in the sewerage system to accept the additional foul water discharge that would result from the development or redevelopment; or
(ii) the development or redevelopment would increase the risk of flooding from surface water run-off, either within that site or elsewhere.

Where the level of surface water run-off is likely to be unacceptably high the Council will expect the rate of run-off to be restricted to an appropriate level. Any measures proposed will be expected to employ sustainable drainage methods, unless there is an overriding reason for not using such an approach.

14.37 It is important that any development or redevelopment proposal makes adequate provision for both foul and surface water disposal. The methods of disposal and the capacity of the surrounding infrastructure to cope with the additional flows should be considered at the earliest stage of any proposal.

14.38 The developer would be expected to demonstrate, by consultation with Thames Water Utilities, that the provision of foul sewerage and any adopted surface water infrastructure has adequate capacity to cope with the increase likely to be generated. The Council will press the responsible authorities for improvement to inadequate public sewers. If considered appropriate, the Council will impose conditions that require development to be phased in order to avoid the overloading of the sewerage system until planned improvements have been carried out.

14.39 Where a proposed development is likely significantly to increase the surface water run-off from the site, directly or indirectly, into a watercourse prone to flooding, the Council will expect the developer to provide a suitable level of surface water attenuation. The Council will encourage the use of Sustainable Urban Drainage (SUDS) methods in order to achieve such attenuation, including: porous pavements, infiltration trenches/basins, filter drains, swales, detention basins/ponds or wetlands. Where such drainage infrastructure is not likely to be adopted by a statutory undertaker the Council may seek a s106 agreement to secure long-term operation and maintenance.



Developments will not be permitted which, in the opinion of the Council, after consultation with the Environment Agency, pose an unacceptable risk to groundwater or are likely adversely to affect the water quality of watercourses.

14.40 Groundwater reserves are an invaluable source of water for public supply, industry and agriculture, as well as sustaining the base flows of rivers. Some activities, such as the disposal of effluent in soakaways and land filling of unsealed sites over permeable bedrock, intensive farming and misuse of agricultural chemicals, can result in the pollution of groundwater. There may be a serious threat to groundwater quality and drinking water supplies during the construction phase of some developments. Likewise, some forms of development can pose a serious risk of pollution to surface watercourses. In such instances, developers will be required to liase with the Environment Agency and Thames Water Utilities Ltd in order to agree acceptable methods of pollution prevention.

14.41 The Council will seek to prevent or reduce the risk of pollution to ground and surface waters by refusing planning permission for development that, having taken the advice of the Environment Agency and Thames Water Utilities, it considers poses an unacceptable risk to the water environment. Foul or surface water drainage proposals that present such a risk, including septic tanks or cesspools in unacceptable locations, will also be refused. In addition, initiatives which result in an improvement in groundwater or surface watercourses will be encouraged.

See also Policies ER16 and ER17




Subject to the other policies of the plan, the Council will encourage the inclusion of measures that will minimise the use of water within any proposed development.

14.42 With an increasing demand on a limited water supply, the Council wishes to promote the minimisation of water use within the Borough in order to aid the regional and national conservation and management of water resources. Methods of water conservation that the Council would wish to see considered in any proposed development include: the collecting of rainwater and grey water for re-use, for example in flushing WC’s and watering of gardens, use of low or dual flush toilets, spray taps, supply restrictor valves in water systems and water efficient heating and cooling systems.

14.43 The Environment Agency has a duty, laid down in the Water Resources Act 1991, to conserve, re-distribute and otherwise augment water resources in England and Wales and to secure the proper use of water resources. It does this mainly by the issuing of various licences and promoting the use of more sustainable methods of water use. Its National Water Demand Management Centre provides advice on such issues.



The Council, in consultation with the Environment Agency, will seek to promote river corridors as important areas of open land by:

(i) conserving existing areas of value within river corridors, resisting the culverting of watercourses and, wherever possible, seeking to restore and enhance the natural elements of the river environment;
(ii) encouraging, where appropriate and feasible, the establishment of buffer zones to watercourses;
(iii) supporting initiatives which will result in improvements to water quality;
(iv) promoting public access in river corridors; and
(v) identifying appropriate locations for water-related recreation along river corridors.


Development which would have adverse visual, amenity and ecological impacts on the water environment, particularly in relation to rivers, ponds, wetlands, public access in river corridors, and water-related recreation, will not normally be permitted.

14.44 River corridors and the wider water environment are an important resource for wild flora and fauna, offering ecological, amenity and recreation value. In particular, the Ruxley Lakes SSSI, the Hayes and Keston SSSI and the Ravensbourne Valley, Norman Park Naturalisation Scheme extending through Bromley Common, as well as some open land to the north, are important in the implementation of these policies.

14.45 The policies reflect the Environment Agency’s statutory duty under Sections 6 and 7 of the Environment Act 1995, to manage many aspects of the water environment. This includes the furthering of conservation and enhancement of the natural beauty and amenity of inland waters and land associated with those waters and land for recreational purposes. The Agency’s Local Environment Agency Plans (LEAPs) identify environmental issues within specific river catchment areas and identify actions for improvement, where its duties and responsibilities are affected. The Council wishes to support the Environment Agency’s role in achieving these aims through the planning process.

See also: Chapter 7, Natural Environment – Policy NE13


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