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APPENDIX VI - USE CLASSES ORDER

 

Use Class

Types of Uses

A1 Shops

Shops, post offices, travel agents, hairdressers, funeral directors, dry cleaners.

A2 Financial and Professional Services

Banks, building societies, betting offices, and other financial and professional services.

A3 Restaurants and Cafes

Restaurants and cafes, where the primary purpose is the sale and consumption of light refreshments on the premises.

A4 Drinking Establishments

Pubs and bars, i.e. where the primary purpose is the sale and consumption of alcoholic drink on the premises

A5 Hot Food Takeaways

Take-aways and fast food premises, i.e. where the primary purpose is the sale of hot food to take away.

B1 Business

Offices, research and development, light industry appropriate in a residential area.

B2 General Industrial

Car repairs with paint spraying, other manufacturing not appropriate in residential areas.

B8 Storage and Distribution

Includes open air storage.

C1 Hotels

Hotels, boarding and guest houses where no significant element of care is provided.

C2 Residential Institutions

Residential care homes, hospitals, nursing homes, boarding schools, residential colleges and training centres.

C3 Dwelling Houses

Family houses, or houses occupied by up to six residents living together as a single household, including a household where care is provided for residents.

D1 Non-Residential Institutions

Surgeries, nurseries, day centre, schools, art galleries, museums, libraries, halls, churches.

D2 Assembly and Leisure

Cinemas, concert halls, bingo and dance halls, casinos, swimming baths, skating rinks, gymnasiums or sports arenas (except for motor sports, or where firearms are used).

Sui Generis

Includes uses such as:

Shops selling and/or displaying motor vehicles;

Launderettes, taxi or vehicle hire, amusement centres, petrol filling stations, beauty salons;

Theatres, nightclubs;

Hostels.

 

This is not a statement of law. The above classes of use are as set out in full in the Town and Country Planning (Use Classes) Order 1987, as amended by the Use Classes (Amendment) Order 2005.

 

Changes of use not requiring a planning application

The Town and Country Planning (General Permitted Development) Order 1995, amended 2005, permits the following changes of use.

From

To

A2 (professional and financial services) when premises have a display window at ground level

A1 (shop)

Sale of motor vehicles (sui generis)

A1 (shop)

A3 Restaurants and cafes

A1 (shop)

A3 Restaurants and cafes

A2 (professional and financial services)

A4 Drinking Establishments

A1 (shop)

A4 Drinking Establishments

A2 (professional and financial services)

A4 Drinking Establishments

A3 (restaurants and cafes)

A5 Hot Food Takeaways

A1 (shop)

A5 Hot Food Takeaways

A2 (professional and financial services)

A5 Hot Food Takeaways

A3 (restaurants and cafes)

B1 (business) (permission limited to 235 square metres of floor space in the building)

B8 (storage and distribution)

B2 (general industrial)

B1 (business)

B2 (general industrial) (permission limited to 235 square metres of floor space in the building)

B8 (storage and distribution)

B8 (storage and distribution) (permission limited to 235 square metres of floor space in the building)

B1 (business)

 

Changes of use requiring a Planning Application

Applications for planning permission are always required for material changes of use involving amusement centres, theatres, scrap yards, petrol filling stations, car showrooms (except for material changes of use from car showrooms to Class A1 uses), taxi and car hire businesses and hostels.

 

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