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GLOSSARY

This glossary explains the general meaning of terms which occur frequently in the text. They are not necessarily statutory definitions. Access Land which will be made accessible in accordance with the Countryside and Rights of Way Act 2000. Access Land will be marked on official access maps being produced by the Countryside Agency together with Ordnance Survey maps. It will also be indicated on the ground by a small access land symbol.

Affordable Housing
Social rented or Intermediate housing, (see Policy H2).

Agricultural Land Classification Map
The map prepared, at a scale of 1" to the mile, by the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food which gives a general assessment of the agricultural quality of land (see Policy G9).

Annual Business Inquiry (ABI)
Formerly known as the Annual Employment Survey, this provides a detailed breakdown of employment data.

Areas of Archaeological Significance
A location where several Sites of Archaeological Significance are grouped together (see Policy BE16).

Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB)
Nationally important areas of high landscape, nature conservation and recreational value designated by the Countryside Agency and protected from unsightly and inappropriate development. Part of the Kent North Downs AONB falls within the Borough (see Policy NE11).

Areas of Special Residential Character
Residential areas identified by virtue of their individual character where specific development control guidelines apply (see Policy H10 and Appendix I).

Article 4 Direction
A direction under the Town & Country Planning (General Permitted Development) Order 1995 removing specified Permitted Development Rights granted under that order from a defined area (see Appendix III).

Backland Development
Development of land surrounded by existing properties, often using back gardens and creating a new vehicular access (see para 4.40 and SPG).

Best and Most Versatile Agricultural Land
The categories of agricultural land in the Borough protected by Policies G9.

Blueprint for a Better Bromley
The local action plan for sustainable development, which is a key element of the Local Agenda 21 process.

Bromley Biodiversity Action Plan
This provides a vision and management plan for key habitats and species in the Borough, and follows the guidelines of the UK Biodiversity Action Plan.

Bromley Means Business
The economic development strategy for the Borough.

Business Areas
Designated areas where business (B1), general industry (B2), and warehousing uses (B8) will generally be located (see Policies EMP4 to EMP6).

Civil Aviation Authority
A statutory authority responsible for monitoring and controlling all aspects of civilian aviation, including airports and aircraft movements.

Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment (CABE)
An Executive Non-Departmental Public Body whose function is to promote high standards in the design of buildings and the spaces between them.

Comparison Goods
Durable goods which are not purchased frequently and involve the customer comparing items store to store. A distinction can be made between bulky goods, such as furniture and electrical items, and non-bulky goods, such as clothes and footwear.

Conservation Area
An area of special architectural or historical importance the character of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance and where consent is required to demolish a building or part of a building (see Policy BE11 and Appendix III).

The Countryside Agency
A statutory body which oversees all aspects of the countryside, its conservation and enhancement, access and other facilities, policy-making (e.g. designating Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty) and information.

Countryside Management Service (CMS)
An advisory and implementation service provided by the Council. This service is restricted to advice and schemes on land in private ownership (see para 7.4).

Day-to-day needs
Those items that are purchased from shops on a regular basis or provide an important service to the customer, such as a Post Office, bank etc.

District Town Centre
A large suburban centre with a broad range of facilities and services which fulfils a function as a focus for both the community and public transport.

DTLR
Department for Transport, Local Government and the Regions

English Heritage
Officially known as the Historic Buildings and Monuments Commission for England, English Heritage provides advice on the historic environment, including conservation areas and listed buildings.

English Nature
Formerly the Nature Conservancy Council, this statutory body promotes the conservation of wildlife and natural features, and is responsible for designating Sites of Special Scientific Interest.

Environment Agency
It combines the work previously carried out by Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Pollution, the National Rivers Authority and the Waste Regulation Authorities, and was established under the 1995 Environment Act.

General Permitted Development Order (GPDO)
1995 All development requires planning permission. The General Permitted Development Order 1995 lists a number of operations to which planning permission is given automatically and where no application to the Local Planning Authority is required (see also Article 4 Direction, Permitted Development).

Greater London Authority (GLA)
The strategic authority for London, which assumed its main responsibilities in July 2000. The Mayor for London has a duty to prepare a number of city-wide strategies, including a Spatial Development Strategy (The London Plan).

Green Belt
Open land encircling London in which development is strictly controlled, which gives definition to the built-up area and limits urban sprawl (see Chapter 8).

Green Chain
A chain of open spaces through South East London linking the northern part of the Borough to the Thames through Lewisham, Greenwich and Bexley. The Green Chain in Bromley is protected by Policy G7.

Habitable Room
A room within a dwelling the primary purpose of which is for living, sleeping or dining - including kitchens where the total area (including fittings) is more than 13 sq.m. In proposals for blocks of flats, rooms exceeding 20 sq.m. readily capable of division will be counted as two.

Household
One person living alone or a group of people (who may or may not be related) living or staying temporarily at the same address, with common housekeeping (1991 Census definition).

Hrha
Habitable rooms per hectare

Infill Development
Development of individual vacant sites within existing built-up areas.

Integrated Transport Strategy
This local action plan is the Council's main transport policy document (until the Transport Strategy for London is published by the Mayor and GLA).

Key Worker Housing
Shared ownership and sub-market rented housing; what constitutes a key worker will vary over time and will be defined by an appropriate current Council resolution.

Listed Buildings
Buildings considered to be of architectural or historic interest which are on the statutory list compiled by English Heritage. These buildings are protected under the Town and Country Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 and are classified Grade I, Grade II* or Grade II according to their relative importance (see Policy BE8 and SPG).

Locally Listed Buildings
Buildings which are on the "local list" compiled by the Council and which, because of their architectural or historic interest, make a valuable contribution to the character of an area. They are not statutorily protected but the Council will (through Policy BE9) endeavour wherever possible to ensure that they are considered on their merits in the event of any development/redevelopment proposals which affect them.

Local Nature Reserve
An area of local nature interest safeguarded for public education and enjoyment. There are two within the Borough, Scadbury Park and Jubilee Park (see Policy NE1).

Local Neighbourhood Centre
A smaller grouping of shops mainly comprised of independent retailers and usually with a small grocery store and a sub-post office. The centre serves an immediate catchment area normally within a walking distance of up to 800 metres.

Local Town Centre
A suburban centre with at least one food supermarket and adequate range of shops and services to meet the day-to-day needs of local users.

London Planning Advisory Committee (LPAC)
LPAC was a statutory body responsible for providing strategic planning advice for Greater London. It has now been subsumed into the GLA.

Making a Difference
This is the Council's Best Value Performance Plan, a strategy that aims to enhance the quality of life in the Borough.

Metropolitan Open Land (MOL)
Open land generally located within the urban area and considered to be of strategic importance to London as a whole (see Chapter 8).

Minerals Planning Guidance Notes (MPGs)
Government advice regarding the extraction of minerals. Non-retail Uses in a shopping centre that are not within Class A1. See Use Classes Order (Appendix VI).

ODPM
Office of the Deputy Prime Minister

Parade
A small group of local shops.

Permitted Development
Rights Small-scale developments which are granted planning permission automatically by the General Permitted Development Order 1995. These rights, however, can be removed by a legal agreement or condition attached to the original planning permission.

Planning Obligations
In accordance with Section 106 of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990, advantages may be offered or sought as part of a development proposal (planning obligations) in order to limit the effects of that proposal, or which are necessary for it to be implemented e.g. highways improvements or contributions to education provision (see Policy IMP1).

Planning Policy Guidance Notes (PPGs)
Government advice on various planning policy matters issued from time to time to guide Local Planning Authorities in their operation of the planning system.

Previously-developed Land
Land that is or was occupied by a permanent structure (excluding agricultural or forestry buildings), and associated fixed surface infrastructure (PPG3 definition).

Primary Shopping Frontage
The main retail area of the larger town centres (see Policy S1).

Proposals Map
The Map forming part of the UDP which identifies the areas to which particular policies apply and the location of specific proposals.

Regional Planning Guidance (RPG3)
Strategic Guidance for London Planning Authorities (1996), to guide London Boroughs in preparing their Unitary Development Plans; will be superseded by the Spatial Development Strategy.

Registered Social Landlord (RSL)
A non profit-making organisation registered with the Housing Corporation whose purpose is the provision, construction, improvement or management of houses for sale or rent (see Policy H2).

Residential Density
A means of expressing the amount of residential accommodation in a given area. The density of development may be expressed in terms of habitable rooms or dwellings per hectare. Residential densities in the UDP are given in habitable rooms per hectare (hrha) (see Policy H7 and SPG).

The density standard is calculated by dividing the number of habitable rooms by the site area, including:

Safeguarding Map
Map produced under the Town and Country Planning (Aerodromes) Direction 1981, indicating areas around Biggin Hill Airport where the Council must consult the Civil Aviation Authority on planning applications for particular types of development. This may be inspected at the Civic Centre during normal office hours (see Policies BH7 and BE17).

Secondary Shopping Frontage
Areas in the larger town centres outside of the Primary Shopping Frontage where there is a higher proportion of non-retail uses (see Policy S2).

Section 106 Agreement SERPLAN
see Planning Obligations

The London and South East Regional Planning Conference: a regional planning and transport organisation constituted by the London Boroughs and the County and District Councils for Bedfordshire, Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, East Sussex, Essex, Hampshire, Hertfordshire, the Isle of Wight, Kent, Oxfordshire, Surrey and West Sussex (replaced by the South East of England Regional Assembly and the East of England Local Government Conference as of April 2001).

Shopping Frontage
Areas in the Local Centres defined in Appendix V (see Policy S4).

Sites of Archaeological Significance
A place with a known or potential archaeological interest (see Policy BE16 and Areas of Archaeological Significance).

Sites of Interest for Nature Conservation
Sites identified as being of either Metropolitan, Borough or Local importance for nature conservation purposes and protected by Policy NE1.

Sites of Special Scientific Interest
Sites notified to the Local Planning Authority by English Nature under Section 28 of the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 as being of national importance by reason of any of their flora, fauna, geology, or physiographical features (see Policy NE1).

Social Exclusion
A shorthand term for what can happen when people or areas suffer from a combination of linked problems such as unemployment, poor skills, low incomes, poor housing, high crime environments, bad health and family breakdown (as defined by the Government’s Social Exclusion Unit).

Spatial Development Strategy
A statutory plan prepared by the Mayor for London. This aims to provide an integrated approach to strategic planning and land use issues in London.

Sport England
Responsible for developing and maintaining the infrastructure of sport in England, it is funded by the Government and through the National Lottery.

Statutory Undertakers
Suppliers of gas, electricity, water and sewerage, the Post Office, the Civil Aviation Authority, and those authorised by legislation to carry on any railway, road or water transport operation (defined in Section 262 of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990).

Strategic Statement
Forming Part I of the UDP, this is the link between Strategic Planning Guidance for London and the local policies contained in Part II of the UDP.

Supplementary Planning Guidance (SPG)
The Council publishes additional advice on certain planning topics, such as Residential Design and Telecommunications.

Supported Housing
Accommodation for people in need of particular support, provided in a range of forms: care homes, hostels, sheltered or other supported housing

Sustainable Residential Quality (SRQ)
This is a design-led approach to residential development, which aims to make more efficient use of urban land while maintaining environmental quality (see para 4.2).

Tandem Development
The development of one house or block of flats behind another on a single plot, with access provided alongside the building on the frontage.

Traffic Calming
Traffic management measures to reduce the environmental impact of traffic in residential areas, town centres, and other sensitive locations.

Tree Preservation Order
Statutory protection for trees, groups of trees or woodlands prohibiting their loss or damage (see Policy NE7).

Unadopted Highway
A road which lies outside the maintenance responsibilities of the Council (see Policies T13 and T14).

Urban Open Space (UOS)
Open space within the urban area which is considered to be of local significance (see Policy G8).

Use Classes Order
This prescribes classes of land use within which certain changes of use may take place without requiring planning permission (see Appendix VI).

Windfall
A site coming forward for development that has not previously been identified for development.

Written Statement
The document setting out a Local Planning Authority's policies and proposals for development within its area, which, together with the proposals map, comprises the UDP.

 

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