Smoke control areas
Why were smoke control areas introduced
The Clean Air Acts of 1956 and 1968 were introduced to deal with the smog of the 1950s and 1960s, which was caused by the widespread burning of coal for domestic heating and by industry. Smog was blamed for the premature deaths of thousands of people in the UK. The Acts gave local authorities powers to control emissions of dark smoke, grit, dust and fumes from industrial premises and furnaces and to declare "smoke control areas" in which emissions of smoke from domestic properties are banned.