AS/2 level courses

Terrestrial ecology (KS4 AS/2)

Students are introduced to the practical study of ecology and are given an overview of currently used sampling methods for gathering data. The applications of the techniques are also discussed and students have the opportunity to collect and interpret data.

Areas covered

Sampling methods: Plant

  • Theory of plant population sampling and succession
  • Pros and cons of various methods used
  • Random sampling methods for plant density counts
  • Practice using point and frame quadrants
  • Setting up line and belt transects
  • Species identification
  • Measurement of biotic and abiotic factors
  • Using kite diagrams to analyse data from transect studies
  • Sampling methods: Animals

  • Theory of animal population sampling: light-trapping, pitfall trapping, small mammal trapping, use of pooters, beating trays, sweep nets etc.
  • Surveying animal populations
  • Species identification
  • Analysis of data
  • Determining energy flow using pyramids of biomass