Business rates - exemptions and reliefs

Empty business properties

As of 1 April 2008, most property that has been empty for more than three months or, in the case of industrial property, for more than six months will no longer receive relief from rates.


After the initial three or six month rate-free period expires, empty property will be liable for 100% of the basic occupied business rate, unless it:

  • Qualifies for the new zero rate provided by the rating (Empty Properties) Act 2007. From 1 April 2008, the rates liability of empty property that is held by a charity and appears likely to be next used for charitable purposes, or that is held by community amateur sports club and appears likely to be next used for the purposes of the club, will reduce from 100% of the basic occupied rate to zero. 
  • Qualifies for an exemption from rates under NNDR (Unoccupied Property) Regulations. While the current permanent exemption for industrial property will be reduced to six months, the Government proposes to preserve the majority of the other existing exemptions unchanged. However, the Government is consulting on possible reforms to the exemption for empty property that is listed or subject to a building preservation notice; and on the possibility or extending the exemption from rates for empty property held by companies in liquidation to that held by companies in administration.

With effect from 1 April 2011 there is a further legislation change to empty properties whereby properties with a rateable value of less than £2,600 will be exempt from payment of business rates.  Empty properties with a rateable value of £2,600 or more will be charged at the standard occupied rate after the void period (if applicable).

Can I get my property taken out of the rating list altogether?

If your property is not capable of beneficial occupation, for example, if it is in poor condition and cannot be economically repaired, your valuation officer may judge that it should be taken out of the rating list altogether. However, please be aware that if the state of your property is damaged for the purposes of avoiding rates, under new anti-avoidance legislation introduced by the Government your valuation officer will be required to disregard the change in the property's state when assessing its rateable value. So for example, if the roof is removed from an empty property for the purpose of avoiding rates, it may be valued as if the roof had not been removed.

How will my rates liability be affected if my property is only partly occupied?

If a property is only partly occupied, the billing authority has discretion to request that the valuation officer apportions the property's rateable value between its occupied and unoccupied parts. From 1 April 2008, as a consequence of the reforms to empty property relief, the empty part will receive a complete exemption from rates for the first 3 months it is empty (or, if it is an industrial property, for the first 6 months). After the initial rate-free period expires, in most cases the apportionment will cease to have an effect and the occupied business rate will apply to the whole property. This will ensure that occupiers can benefit from any occupied business rate relief's to which they are eligible, such as small business rate relief, on the whole of the property, not just the occupied part. However, if the property would qualify for the new zero rate or for an exemption from rates when empty, the apportionment will continue to have effect and the owner will not be liable for rates on the empty part.

Can I appeal against the change in my rates?

The changes in rates liability arising from the reforms to empty property relief are not in themselves grounds for appeal. However, if you disagree with the rateable value that appears in the current rating list entry for your property, under the existing arrangements you may challenge it by making a 'proposal' against it to your local valuation office. Your rights of appeal are not affected by the reforms to empty property relief and you can contact our office or the local valuation office for further information about the arrangements for making proposals. There will be no legal right to withhold payment even where an appeal is made.

Valuation officer

Tel: 03000 501501

Fax: 03000 506631

28 Elmfield Road, Bromley, BR1 1LR