Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS)

The HHSRS was introduced with the Housing Act 2004, and replaces the previous housing fitness standard. The Government introduced the system as the way of deciding whether the housing conditions of residential premises are satisfactory.


The HHSRS looks at whether premises have any defects that may give rise to a hazard, which in turn could cause harm to the occupiers, or any visitors. A residential property should be capable of satisfying the basic fundamental needs for the everyday life of a household, such as providing shelter, space and facilities for the occupants.

The HHSRS identifies 29 potential hazards and the effects that each may have on the health and safety of the current or future occupant or any visitor to the property. It applies to all residential properties irrespective of whether they are occupied by a homeowner or a tenant. It is not possible to completely remove all risk of harm from within the property, but the system provides a way that hazards can be assessed and to decide on what is the best way of dealing with them.

Further information about the HHSRS is available from the Office of Communities and Local Government website.


Housing enforcement


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Fax: 020 8313 4450

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