Industrial pollution and environmental permitting
We are responsible for permitting and inspecting businesses which have the potential to cause air pollution (Prescribed Processes) and which must be authorised under the Environmental Protection Act 1990 in order to control and limit the emissions to the atmosphere. These include vehicle spraying operations, crematoria, concrete batching plant and concrete crushing plant and dry cleaners. Petrol filling stations are also authorised in the same way and we work closely with the London Fire Brigade in approving these installations.
Installations covered under Part A of the regulations require controls to ensure the protection of the environment from emissions to air, land and water (including discharges to sewer) and any other activities which may have an environmental impact. The Environment Agency is responsible for controlling A1 installations, local authorities for A2 together with Part B installations.
Any person operating an installation that requires a permit must submit an environmental permit application form with a fee to the local authority. The operator of the prescribed process must comply with the conditions of the permit and they will be subject to inspection to ensure this is the case.
Prescribed processes are those industrial technologies that have the potential to cause pollution. The Environmental Protection Act 1990 require that processes identified in the act or by regulations made under the act, must have an authorization to operate.
Following the introduction of the Pollution Prevention and Control Act 1999, the system changed to meet the requirements of the European Directive on Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC).
The new act covers a wider range of industrial processes than the Environmental Protection Act 1990, using A1, A2 and B classifications, with the Environment agency controlling Part A1 processes and local authorities controlling those classified as Part A2 and Part B.
The Pollution Prevention and Control (England and Wales) Regulations 2000 (PPC Regulations) have recently come into force under the Pollution Prevention and Control Act 1999 (PPC Act). These require polluting industries to be permitted rather than authorised.
For further information visit the Defra website.