- The number of pedestrians needs to meet a certain criteria level, which is calculated based on the number of pedestrians crossing and the volume of traffic.
- Accident statistics.
- Pedestrian desire lines (preferred route)
- Proximity to junction’s, bends and vehicle cross overs.
- Demand for on-street parking.
- Location of bus stops.
For a formal pedestrian crossing to operate correctly they need to be used on a regular basis throughout the day. If there are too few pedestrians present for the majority of the day, drivers may ignore the crossing and, as a result, put pedestrians at risk on occasions when they do use the crossing facility. If the traffic flows are low, pedestrians may be able to comfortably cross in the gaps between vehicles, without the need for a formal crossing.
Alternatively, informal pedestrian crossings, such as a pedestrian refuge (traffic island) or courtesy crossing, could be more suitable crossing measures instead of the above mentioned formal crossings.
Pedestrian refuges allow pedestrians to cross the road in stages by creating safe waiting points in the middle of the carriageway. Pedestrian refuges can be appropriate when the overall pedestrian numbers are lower but there are significant vehicle movements. However, we need to ensure adequate island widths can be achieved for all pedestrians and sufficient carriageway width for vehicles are available.
Courtesy crossings consist of dropped kerbs on either side of the carriageway, to aid in the ease of the crossing movement and to identify a location where pedestrians will be crossing.